After much negative publicity generated by a case of child smuggling in 1986, Ecuadorian laws regarding international adoptions were changed in an attempt to better provide for the best interests of Ecuadorian children. All Ecuadorian adoptions by U.S. citizens must be processed through U.S. based adoption agencies which are legally authorized to deal with Ecuadorian adoption agencies or private attorneys.
Although children are sometimes released to the custody of prospective adoptive parents, a final adoption decree must be issued by an Ecuadorian court before the child is permitted to leave the country. Depending on the adoption agency, some children available for adoption from Ecuador are in foster care, while other children live in orphanages.
Credits: The International Adoption Guidebook, © Mary M. Strickert
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